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Army Training and Doctrine Command, U. Department of Army Water Transport Operations. The official U. The Official U. Department of the Air Assault Operations. Department of the Dismounted Recconnaisance Troop. Department of the Army Aviation Maintenance. Army Training Circular Tc Department of the Army Geospatial Engineering. Army Training Doctrine and Command, U. Army Physical Fitness School, U.

Department of the Cold Region Operations. Department of the A Tactical Employment of Mortars. Integration includes coordination with and mutual support among Army. They must then start the process of acquiring the materiel or placement of support that bests sustains the operation. The commander identifies which characteristics as having priority during an operation that become the foundation for preparing the sustainment concept.

Anticipation is the ability to foresee events and requirements and initiate necessary actions. Sustainment commanders and staffs visualize future operations and identify appropriate required support. To help them to describe considerations required to conduct successful operations. Tactical sustainment planning addresses how each sustainment function supports the operation and identifies sustainment risks.

Although Army units make up the bulk of the tactical sustainment structure.

Responsiveness is the most crucial sustainment characteristic and is also the single most important requirement of a logistical system. In these situations. Anticipation is a central element in responsiveness and anticipation is about lead time and availability. Efficiency is generally paramount at the strategic level. Successes in economy efforts directly impact responsiveness. Logistic discipline across the entire system is crucial to economy. Supply responsiveness is a function of the quantities delivered. As Carl von Clausewitz noted.

The system must manage this balancing act between efficiency and effectiveness in pursuit of economy while preserving responsiveness. Modern forces are intrinsically complex because of their size. The trend toward greater dispersal of tactical forces over larger sectors and areas of operations increases the threat to all levels of sustainment elements.

Integrating sustainment with operations and force protection plans is critical to survivability. As a function of time and quantity. Simplicity means consciously avoiding and reducing unnecessary complexity in planning. Failures in economy at the national level can have enormous and widespread negative impacts on the strategic military capability.

Survivability addresses the need to protect support functions from destruction or degradation. Economy is providing support to meet mission needs in the most efficient way possible. Invariably some component e. Often operations develop in an unforeseen and different direction or tempo. History teaches that one can expect an unrelenting chain of such issues.

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It blends the effects of the other principles and confirms or denies whether a course of action is feasible. Successful theater logistics demands both efficiency and effectiveness. This is a direct function of force protection and the scale of the threat within the operational environment. It is analogous to the principle of war. Continuity is achieved through an integrated logistical system ensuring command confidence in sustainment allowing commanders freedom of action.

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Continuity is the uninterrupted provision of sustainment across all levels of war. It is a function of creativity in thought and action. Whichever term we use. This requires commanders. It requires commanders to track resources and make critical decisions eliminating backlogs or bottlenecks. Attainability and sustainability are discussed separately below as they are in current US doctrine. See ST formerly Flexibility can only be subjectively evaluated based on the provisions made to achieve it.

It includes creating. Failing to preserve adequacy. Sustainment staffs at all levels work hand in hand with operational staffs ensuring synchronization of requirements over the entire course of the operation.

Attainability is the ability to amass a sufficient and balanced scale of logistical means required to begin combat operations. April These skills enable commanders to improvise operational and tactical actions when enemy actions or unexpected events disrupt sustainment operations. Improvisation is the ability to adapt sustainment operations to unexpected situations or circumstances affecting a mission. It may also involve changing or creating methods that adapt to an enemy that quickly evolves. Sustainment in the Theater of War.

The same is true of the impact of time and timing. The sustainment commander must apply operational art to visualize complex operations and understand what is possible at the tactical level. Doctrine for Logistics Support of Joint Operations. Flexibility is the ability to adapt logistic organizations. JP The lift and distribution system capacities and distribution system capabilities will be key determinants in achieving flexibility.

Logistical flexibility also enhances tactical and operational tempo overmatch.


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Preserves materiel in serviceable and operational condition. Supply also covers turning in. Sustainment Washington. Field services. Moves and transfers units. If the rate of supply cannot be increased. FM Such support integrates and manages the acquisition. Attainability is measurable based on the requirement and capability calculations performed in the estimate and decision-making processes.

Operational Contract Support. This is an estimation process involving both the art and science of logistics. In other words. If these established minimal levels cannot be met.

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Operational ends must be balanced against the sufficiency of means and must consider the degree of acceptable risk. Logistical culmination does not mean our forces are out of supplies. The difficulty of this estimation process grows geometrically as the scale of forces increases.


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  • Field services include clothing exchange. At all levels of operations. The objective is to maintain sufficient levels of combat power for as long as required.

    This consists of the synchronization of all elements of the logistical system to provide adequate support. When sustainment falls below required levels adequacy. Sustainability is a measure of the ability to maintain an acceptable scale of logistical support throughout the duration of operations. Logisticians must forecast consumption requirements over time against a known or estimated availability of supply and services in the pipeline to effectively and efficiently manage the distribution system.

    The MPs support the battlefield 6 See chapter 5. Within the Army. Band support. Legal support. Maintains the force by preventing disease nonbattle injury DNBI casualties. Finance services include pay for vendors. These activities include personnel accounting. Although not a major sub-function of the sustainment WFF. Examples include: the construction. Engineering provides construction support.

    General engineering includes those engineering capabilities and activities.